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ОБЗОР ПЕРСПЕКТИВНЫХ СПОСОБОВ ВЫВЕДЕНИЯ ФТОРИД- И ХЛОРИД-ИОНОВ ИЗ РАСТВОРОВ ДЛЯ ПОДГОТОВКИ ЦИНКОВОГО ЭЛЕКТРОЛИТА К СТАДИИ ЭЛЕКТРОЭКСТРАКЦИИ

2016 / Номер 4(111) 2016 [ МЕТАЛЛУРГИЯ И МАТЕРИАЛОВЕДЕНИЕ ]

Освещена проблема подготовки продуктивных растворов цинкового производства к операции электроэкстракции металла. В частности, рассмотрен вопрос выведения ионов галогенидов. Проведен сравнительный обзор способов удаления ионов хлора и фтора из растворов. Сделаны выводы о наиболее перспективных сорбентах, пригодных для применения в условиях цинкового производства. Приведены их основные свойства - сорбционная емкость, «рабочий» диапазон pH, условия регенерации. Описаны способы получения нанокристаллического акаганеита, который эффективен для удаления ионов фтора и хлора из продуктивных растворов цинкового производства.

Ключевые слова:

цинковый раствор,удаление фторид-иона,удаление хлорид-иона,сорбционная очистка,адсорбция галогенид-ионов,синтез акаганеита,zinc solution,fluoride ion removal,chloride ion removal,sorption purification,adsorption of halide ions,akaganeite synthesis

Авторы:

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